It is longer news that Nigeria’s main opposition party, the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, has lost the presidential election to the ruling All Progressives Congress, APC, following the declaration of President Muhammadu Buhari as winner of the election by the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC.
The PDP prepared in the best possible way, ran a well-oiled campaign and gave the government-backed APC campaign machinery a run for its money.
With former Vice President Atiku Abubakar as its presidential candidate, funding wasn’t going to pose a challenge as it were. Thus, ahead of the polls, the PDP Campaign Council traversed the length and breadth of the country, and, armed with a policy document detailing his message of ‘Getting Nigeria to Work Again,’ Atiku and his party were upbeat, and perhaps rightly so, of their chances.
However, as collation and announcement of the presidential election results from the states commenced at the International Conference Centre (ICC), Abuja, last Monday, starting with Ekiti, Buhari, the man who shunned the Nigeria Election Debate Group, NEDG, organized presidential debate and gave what many analysts described as less than average performance at ‘The Candidates’, an interview series anchored by Kadaria Ahmed, began to prove that he was the candidate to beat.
Atiku though expectedly recorded an impressive outing in the South-East and South-South geopolitical zones as well as in the South-West, votes from the North-West and North-East for Buhari opened a huge margin between the two leading candidates, such that, with 24 hours to declaration of results, there were calls for the Wazirin Adamawa to concede defeat.
What went wrong?
The party’s fortune got a huge boost when, without a struggle of any variant, it added three states into its kitty. Just while the opposition party’s National Working Committee (NWC), led by Prince Uche Secondus, was alleging electoral manipulation in the victory of Dr. Kayode Fayemi in Ekiti State governorship election in 2018, three state governors elected on the platform of the APC, viz – Abdulfatai Ahmed, Aminu Tambuwal and Samuel Ortom of Kwara, Sokoto and Benue states respectively – defected into the PDP.
Senate President Bukola Saraki and Speaker Yakubu Dogara of the House of Representatives followed suit shortly, leaving the party with a chance of victory at the polls.
Meanwhile, the PDP was also losing a good number of its chieftains.
Adamu Muazu, its former Chairman; Emmanuel Uduaghan, a former governor of Delta State; Sullivan Chime, erstwhile governor of Enugu State, Godswill Akpabio, erstwhile Minority Leader of the Senate, and a host of others left the party for the APC.
Although, Atiku did well in the respective states of the aforementioned, there is no doubt that these influential figures took with them a legion of supporters to the ruling party, thus decimating the ranks of the PDP in the process.
That was not all! Senators Garba Gamawa, who was elected Deputy National Chairman (North) of the party in its elective convention in 2017, and Saidu Kumo, a member of the PDP Presidential Campaign Council, also quit for the APC, leaving the party fragmented in Bauchi and Gombe states. Not surprising, Atiku lost both states to Buhari.
Outside of the killings in Rivers State during the presidential and National Assembly elections, the polls were relatively peaceful across the country. However, vote cancellation, particularly the over 157, 000 votes cancelled in Nasarawa State, remains a low point for the electoral umpire.
Although INEC cited violence as reason for the cancellation, the PDP Publicity Secretary, Kola Ologbondiyan, told newsmen in Abuja that were it not for INEC’s action, the party wouldn’t have lost the state to Buhari. This may be true considering the fact that the state had always voted for the PDP Presidential candidates in previous elections.
In states like Ekiti and Ogun, the PDP was enmeshed in internal squabbles involving big personalities whose insatiable appetite for power ended thinning the support of the party at the polls.
In Ekiti for instance, immediate past Governor Ayodele Fayose and the senator representing Ekiti South, Abiodun Olujimi, championed parallel causes, even though both claimed to be working for the party. At the end, Olujimi not only lost her re-election bid, Buhari scored a total of 219, 231 votes while Atiku came second on the log with 154, 032 votes in the election results in the state.
The story was the same in Ogun where hostilities involving the Ladi Adebutu faction of the PDP and that of Senator Buruji Kashamu played into the hands of the ruling APC as Buhari harvested a total of 281, 762 votes compared to Atiku’s 194, 655.
There is a nexus between violence in some parts of Rivers and Lagos states and voter apathy that characterized the elections.
Lagos, with the highest number of registered voters (6.5 million), had a paltry turned out to exercise their franchise.
Rivers, which has a sitting PDP governor, had less than one million voters of its 3, 215, 273 registered voters turned up to cast their votes. In the end, the huge harvest PDP expected fizzled out like a thick smoke as the party only managed to garnered 473, 971 votes as against APC’s 150, 710.
North-West as deciding factor
The PDP had predicated its chances of victory on winning a good number of states in the North-West. With the possible exception of Katsina, the home state of the President, Atiku looked forward, with optimism, to a good harvest in Kano, Kaduna, Kebbi, Jigawa, Sokoto and Zamfara states.
This optimism was not without a premise. Boasting such political figures as Rabiu Kwankwaso (Kano), Sule Lamido (Jigawa), Tanimu Turaki (Kebbi), Ahmed Makarfi (Kaduna) and Aminu Tambuwal (Sokoto), all of whom collapsed their political structures for a common goal, the PDP candidate’s chances appeared brighter than those of Goodluck Jonathan, then incumbent President and candidate of the party in 2015. At the end of collation of election results however, none of these figures delivered his state as Buhari swept the votes, with Atiku left to gather what was left of the crumbs.
INEC: An improved outing?
Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission, Professor Mahmood Yakubu, almost became a villain to many following the initial postponement of the polls a fortnight ago. Chairmen of the two leading parties, Comrade Adams Oshiomhole (APC) and Prince Uche Secondus (PDP), called for his resignation, accusing him of incompetence, partisanship amongst others.
In the re-scheduled exercise however, Yakubu’s INEC conducted fairly peaceful elections with some observers rating the umpire above average. Popular figures lost elections in their localities including two heavyweights of the ruling party, Akpabio (Akwa Ibom) and George Akume (Benue); a development analysts described as a pointer to some levels of credibility.
Although Atiku and the PDP have both faulted the outcome of the polls, INEC deserves commendation for some innovative electoral guidelines it initiated to prosecute the 2019 elections.
The simultaneous accreditation and voting, for instance, ensured that voting ended in most polling units at the same time, thus rendering tinkering with figures somewhat difficult.
Unending nightmare of flooding in Anambra
Flood menace has become a perennial occurrence in Anambra State and the battle seems endless.
Whenever the rainy season approaches, various communities, especially those around the lower River Niger, become apprehensive due to the havoc wrecked by ravaging flood.
They always battle with the high rising waters in their various communities whenever it rains.
A few days ago, heavy flooding submerged several communities in Ogbaru, Anyamelum, Anam and other areas of the lower Niger River, but luckily, there were no records of deaths.
The incessant flooding in these areas are often blamed on poor management of the environment, poor building structures and felling of trees on flood plains.
It was gathered that felling of trees on river plains, construction of structures on water ways are major impediments to the free flow of water, thereby causing siltation.
Last year, over 375, 142 people were affected by flood disaster across 10 local government areas of the state. Out of the numbers, about 18, 144 people were in the category of people in need, while 973 were either injured or sick as a result of the disaster.
Investigation further revealed that Ogbaru Council Area has the highest number of affected persons with 131, 175, followed by Anambra West with 100, 775 while Onitsha South has the least with 1, 005 people.
The secretary of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Idris Abubarkar, recently urged residents of the areas to stop construction of structures on flood plains.
He also advised those in flood prone areas to respect early warning signals by NEMA and move up to higher lands. “A major cause of flooding is the siltation resulting from a number of dams and cutting down of trees on flood paths, so we need dredging and de-siltation so that water can remain in its natural course,” he said.
The Executive Secretary Anambra State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA), Paul Odenigbo, said the state government has created 28 emergency shelter centres in flood prone areas in case of flooding anytime.
According to him, the 28 emergency shelter centres include six in Anambra West, six in Anambra East, four in Awka North, four in Ogbaru, three in Ihiala, three in Awka South and two in Ekwusigo.
He, however, urged residents to get prepared for emergency evacuation or relocation, in case of flood disaster. Former Chairman of Ogbaru Local Government Area, Arinze Awogu, said
“The flood situation in Ogbaru LGA has continued to take a turn for the worst and we’ve been losing people over the years due flooding.
He called on government to provide them with better equipped hospital to enable them manage the emergency. Worried by the level of flooding in Ogbaru 1 Constituency, Hon Chukwunonso Noble Igwe, who represents the constituency in the Anambra State House of Assembly, urged the state government to intervene quickly to save them from their sufferings.
Igwe said, “The only drainage system to check flood is the Sacamori drain in Okpoko and it is filled up with sand. That drainage is supposed to collect water from some parts of Awada, Fegge and the entire Okpoko down to Idemili River and finally to the River Niger, but for now, the Sacamori is filled up with sand, thereby enabling flood to ravage and destroy peoples’ property and lives.”
He described Ogbaru 1 Constituency as a no-go area because of the magnitude of flood during the rainy season, noting that most government schools in the area are completely non-functional due to flooding.
“Roads reading to Okpoko Boys Secondary School, Okpoko Girls Secondary School, and some other schools are in bad conditions, such that students struggle through rising waters to find their way home whenever it rains.”
Ministerial appointment: The Aregbesola you don’t know – Farouk
I wonder why the nomination of Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola for ministerial appointment has been generating, unabated ripples and concomitant reactions across the country.
Nonetheless, the immediate past Osun State governor who was recently screened and cleared by the Senate will, in no distant time, be assigned a befitting portfolio.
But the uncommon consensus amidst a few pockets of unfounded criticisms against him has remained that many stalwarts of his party (APC) and friends hold him in a high esteem, saying he is a versatile and talented go-getter who can do wonders in any ministry or department.
Among his teeming adherents is Comrade Umar Farouk, an APC stalwart and friend of the former governor.
Farouk had recalled that as former Commissioner for Works and Infrastructure in Lagos State, Aregbesola laid the foundation for the infrastructural transformation of Lagos, one of the world’s largest megacities.
Comrade Farouk further noted that Ogbeni Aregbesola is not only an outstanding administrator and leader, but also a consumate grassroots campaigner and mobilizer who would take the NextLevel policy thrust of President Muhammadu Buahri’s administration to all and sundry.
“From my interactions with Ogbeni Aregbesola, I see him as a catalyst that would make that much needed difference that Nigerians yearns for under the Buhari administration. He has the experience and capacity”, Farouk maintained.
Equally commenting on the nomination, Prince Newgent Ekamon, a civil rights activist, described Ogbeni Aregbesola as pro- democrat and fiscal federalism advocate whose impact in government would not ignored.
” I recall that as governor of Osun state, Ogbeni Aregbesola was able to create 20, 000 jobs in his first 100 days and went on to initiate other popular socio-economic and people friendly programmes. This tells us that Nigerians would be the better for it with the coming of Ogbeni Aregbesola as Minister. His vast experience in government and skill would see him hit the ground running. He is not just a technocrat, and astute manager of men and materials, he is also a pro-people politician “, Ekamon affirmed.
A Public Affairs Analyst, Abdulkarim Salihu noted that he sees Ogbeni Ategbesola as team player, tested, trust worthy and loyal whose interest in politics is anchored on delivering life more abundant” to the people. “With his versatility and capacity, he can fit into any ministry and perform creditably”, Salihu argued.
Politics as banditry in Nigeria
April 15th 2019 was exactly when I boarded a British Airways night flight back to Abuja after a loaded three weeks’ vacation in the United Kingdom.
As I made for the terminal 5, of one of the world’s most glamorous and one of the busiest airports called Heathrow, a striking news story that made the papers of that day was the planned protest by some people in central London who were billed to be convoked from all parts of Europe to stage series of demonstrations to demand actions by world leaders towards addressing the impact and severe consequences of global warming and climate change. Never mind that comically, President Donald Trump who seems to have educational challenge has disputed tge veracity of climate change and proceeded to pull the USA out of the global treaty on climate change signed in Paris France.
The news of these series of protests sent the shock waves across the political spectrum in London particularly bearing in mind that similar ongoing protests called Yellow vest demonstrations have had devastating impacts to the economic and commercial wellbeing of Paris, France.
Paris in France has a global reputation as the most beautiful city to visit by tourist. So tge political establishment in UK were rattled by the prospects of having similar mass action in Oxford circus which is the commercial nerve center of London.
We will soon revert to these two key European protests by the citizens of Europe.
But the necessity for making references to these two epochal events has occurred, when at the Nigerian National Assembly a very simple and peaceful move to call the attention of political leaders to the effects of environmental pollutants by way of making policy and legal frameworks to encourage the phasing out of petrol engine cars for electric cars was rebuffed by persons who otherwise ought to know better since most of them own hoysibg assets in Europe and America. But like the proverbial giraffe, Nigerian Senators buried their faces in the sand and refuse to be futuristic. Luckily, the fervour for mass protests in Nigeria has declined. But in other developed societies, citizens are demanding actions through series of mass movements similar to civilian led revolutions. So we asked, why are the yellow vests protesting in Paris France? Media reports states correctly that the wave of protests sweeping through France is not a rejection of green policies. It’s a revolt against the 1 percent.
For the past three weeks, France has been experiencing one of the most significant social mobilizations in its recent history, which laid bare the country’s social ills, anti-elite sentiment, growing inequalities and thirst for social justice. So says the news reports.
It all started on November 17 when tens of thousands of people took to the streets across the country to protest against rising fuel prices.
The protesters, dubbed “Les gilets jaunes” (the yellow vests) after the high-visibility jackets they adopted as a symbol of their complaint, blocked roundabouts, burned effigies and clashed with the police. They were angry about the almost 20 percent increase in the price of diesel since the start of the year, as well as the planned fuel tax hike President Emmanuel Macron had recently announced.
While Macron said the tax was necessary to “protect the environment” and “combat climate change”, protesters claimed the decision was yet another sign that the “arrogant” and “privileged” president is out of touch with regular folk struggling to make ends meet.
The intensity of the protests quickly forced the government to make a U-turn and first suspend and later permanently shelve its plans for fuel tax increases.
But not satisfied, media reports stated that, the protest movement was not only about fuel prices. It encompassed wider anger and frustration against the political establishment in general and President Macron in particular. As a result, the government’s decision to abandon fuel tax hikes failed to calm tensions.
The “yellow vests” want further concessions from the government. Their demands include a redistribution of wealth as well as the increase of salaries, pensions, social security payments and the minimum wage. Some say they will not settle for anything less than the president’s resignation.
So how did day-to-day frustrations about fuel prices and “green taxes” transform into a nation-wide protest movement attracting hundreds of thousands of people in a matter of weeks?
It all comes down to Macron’s apparent failure to connect with the people, understand their concerns and steer France away from destructive neoliberal policies. Now lets look at the London protests which yours faithfully missed by the whiskers because i had to return to Nigeria to resume my works. The protests in London is staged by those typically called ‘extinction rebellion Protests.’
The group describes itself as an “international movement” that uses “non-violent civil disobedience” to bring issues such as climate change to the fore.
Organizers say they want to see “radical change” to “minimize the risk of human extinction and ecological collapse”.
The movement started in the UK in 2018 after the release of a report on global warming by The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – part of the United Nations.
But What do they want?Extinction Rebellion claims the government is guilty of “criminal inactivity” in addressing the climate change “crisis” and has made three key demands:
§ The government must declare an “emergency” and work with “other institutions” to make changes
§ The UK must enact legally binding policies to reduce carbon emissions to net zero by 2025
§ A citizens’ assembly must be formed to “oversee the changes” needed to achieve this goal
The group says that under the current system the UK is “headed for disaster”, with climate change due to cause food shortages and “destroy communities”.
What did they do?
The demonstrations began at 18:00 BST on 15 April, with protesters blocking roads at Marble Arch, before moving on to Oxford Circus, Waterloo Bridge, Piccadilly Circus and Parliament Square.
Activists also caused more than £6,000 of damage at the Shell headquarters in Belvedere Road.
Organizers had urged members to block five “high-profile locations” by booking time off work or going on strike.
“Think festival, arrange to stay with friends or bring camping gear,” the group’s website said.
Over the next 10 days activists glued themselves to and sat on top of trains on London’s light railway, marched on Heathrow Airport, staged “die-ins”, glued themselves to the entrance of the London Stock Exchange and chained themselves to Jeremy Corbyn’s home. But How did the protests affect London?
The government said the protests disrupted the lives of “many hundreds of thousands of hard-working Londoners”.
Police rest days were cancelled over the Easter bank holiday, as more than 1,000 officers were deployed across the city.
As of Thursday afternoon, a total of 1,130 activists were arrested for a range of public order offences, according to police.
So far 69 people have been charged. Who got involved?
In amongst the group’s estimated tens of thousands of protesters, Hollywood stars, global climate change campaigners and Olympians appeared at the demonstrations.
Swedish teenage activist Greta Thunberg, who gained global attention after staging a climate change protest at her school, came to London to tell demonstrators: “Keep going. You are making a difference.”
She also addressed Parliament, reprimanding the UK for supporting shale gas fracking, greater exploitation of North Sea oil and gas fields, and expanding airports.
On Waterloo Bridge, Olympic gold medal-winning canoeist Etienne Stott was one of the activists who had to be carried off by police officers.
Actress Dame Emma Thompson also joined climate change protesters on board a pink boat parked up in the centre of Oxford Circus. However, Nigeria is on the opposite side of the revolutionary pole. Senator Ben Murray- Bruce who had educational stints in Europe proposed an electric car bill but it was shot down in a manner as if to say the politicians were mere anti- environmental bandits.
The Nigerian senator, Ben Murray-Bruce, who represents Bayelsa East Senatorial District, has taken to his Twitter page to share two of the bills he recently proposed before the Senate.
One of the bills he proposed is the Electric Car Bill, which is basically seeking that the National Assembly approves the use of electric cars in Nigeria.
The Objectives of this Act are to; (a) Comply with the clean energy policy. (b) Encourage the use of modern technology, (c) De-emphasize on oil consumption, (d) Reduce air pollution.
But true to the suspicions of most activists that these senators are a bunch of anti-green bandits, the Nigerian Senate rejected this forward looking bill that sought to phase out the use of petrol cars and introduce electric cars in Nigeria by the year 2035.
Also rejected was the bill that sought to open up the Nigerian citizenship to other Africans.
The two bills were sponsored separately by Ben Murray-Bruce, the lawmaker representing Bayelsa East senatorial district on the platform of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP).
According to Murray-Bruce, combustion cars were causing pollution and contributing to global warming and developed countries are gradually phasing them out. He said phasing out petrol cars would help fight the twin environmental menace of global warming and air pollution.
However, Senator Jibrin Barau said there was no need to make any law compelling Nigerians to use electric cars at a particular period.
He said in view of the economic strength of individual Nigerians, it would be unwise to come up with such legislation.
While kicking against the bill, Ike Ekweremadu, the Deputy Senate President, said it would affect Nigeria’s economy as an oil-producing country.
In the end, Murray-Bruce was advised to withdraw the bill, which he did.
On the bill to open up Nigerian citizenship to other Africans, Senator Bala Ibn Na’Allah said Sections 25, 26 and 27 of the constitution adequately took care of that. Consequently, Senate President Bukola Saraki put i t to a voice vote, and a majority of the senators voted against it.
As we await the coming of the next session of the National Assembly, Nigerians must wake up from slumber and be ready to make suggestions, stage mass movements and civil protests to ensure that all arms of government complies absolutely with best global practices in such a way that constitutional democracy would be better nurtured, promoted and protected. Making Nigerian environment cleaner and greener is a necessity that must be vigourously campaigned and actualised or we perished. We must day no to politics as banditry.
*Emmanuel Onwubiko is head of Human Rights Writers Association of Nigeria (HURIWA) and blogs @www.huriwa.blogspot.com, www.emmanuelonwibiko.com, www.thenigeriaminsidernews.com.
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